European Parliament election 2024

10th European Parliament election on 9 June 2024

From 6 to 9 June 2024, the citizens of the European Union elect the European Parliament for the tenth time. In the Federal Republic of Germany, the election will take place on Sunday, 9 June 2024 (See Federal Law Gazette I p. 213).

This election is not based on uniform European election legislation but on national electoral acts. The European Elections Act and the European Electoral Regulations govern the election procedure in the Federal Republic of Germany.

Election date

The period during which a European election must be held is determined by the electoral term and, more specifically, by the period prescribed by law.

Elections to the European Parliament are held every five years. In accordance with Section 7 of the European Elections Act, the Federal Government determines the exact date for the election from a period fixed by the Council of the European Union in keeping with Articles 10 and 11 of the Act concerning the Election of the Representatives of the European Parliament by Direct Universal Suffrage (Federal Law Gazette II of 1977 p. 733) – or Direct Elections Act, as it is called.

As a rule, the period is the same in all members states, from a Thursday to the following Sunday, to guarantee that the various election traditions of the member states can be maintained. In most member states, elections are held on a Sunday or a public holiday like in Germany, while in the Netherlands, for example, polling stations are open on Thursdays.

In accordance with Article 11 (2), first sentence, of the Direct Elections Act, European elections are held in the last year of the five-year electoral term, during a period corresponding to that of the first European elections. The first European elections were held from 7 to 10 June 1979. A glance at the calendar of June 2024 reveals that the election period lasting from Thursday to Sunday would have to be from 6 to 9 June to ensure that at least one of the election dates in the member states would be within the above period.

However, if it proves impossible to hold the elections in the Community during that period, it may be brought forward or postponed through a unanimous Council decision taken after consulting the European Parliament (Article 11 (2), second sentence, of the Direct Elections Act). Such a decision should be taken at least one year before the electoral term ends. So far there have been only four such decisions, one concerning the second (1984) and one the third European elections (1989), postponing the electoral period by one week each time, and one concerning the eighth (2014) and one of the ninth (2019) European election, bringing forward the electoral period by two weeks.

In accordance with a decision taken by the Council of the European Union on 22 May 2023, the next European Parliament elections will be held in the period from 6 to 9 June 2024 (see Press release by the Council of the European Union).

Submission of nominations

Nominations (lists for one Land and lists for all Länder) have to be submitted to the Federal Returning Officer. The deadline for submitting the nominations is the 83rd day before the election (= 18 March 2024), 6.00 p.m.

See also: Information for election candidates