European Parliament election 2024

Information for voters

Lower voting age

The age at which a person is entitled to vote in elections to the European Parliament has been lowered to sixteen and will apply for the first time for the election due to be held in 2024.

All Germans as defined in Article 116 (1) of the Basic Law and all citizens of the other Member States of the European Union (Union citizens) residing in Germany who have reached the age of sixteen on election day are entitled to vote.

Legal basis

Section 6 (1) no. 1, Section 6 (2) no. 1 of the European Elections Act (EuWG)

Among other things:

Dieses Bild zeigt den Plenarsaal des Europäischen Parlaments in Straßburg. © Europäisches Parlament

Electoral system

The members of the European Parliament are elected in each member state by a system of proportional representation on the basis of lists or single transferable votes.

Dieses Bild zeigt Europaflaggen vor dem Berlaymont-Gebäude. © Westend61 / Getty Images / 589938799

Union citizens

Citizens of other European Union member states (Union citizens) who live in the Federal Republic of Germany can also take part in the elections to the European Parliament, either in the Federal Republic of Germany or in their country of origin.

Dieses Bild zeigt Flaggen verschiedener Staaten. © Marcel Schauer - / 40103765

Germans abroad

Germans living abroad are not automatically entered into a voters’ register. If they wish to participate in European elections, they have to submit a formal application for entry into the voters’ register before each election.

Dieses Bild zeigt einen Briefkasten, in dem ein Wahlbriefumschlag eingeworfen wird. © VRD - / 166115195

Postal ballot

Persons entitled to vote who are entered in a voters’ register do not need a specific reason to exercise their right to vote by post. To this end, they have to apply to the municipality of their main residence for a polling card to be issued.