Delimitation of constituencies
The territory of the Federal Republic of Germany is subdivided into 299 constituencies. The territories of the constituencies for the elections to the 18th German Bundestag are defined in the Annex to Article 1 of the Twentieth Law amending the Federal Electoral Act (BWG) of 12 April 2012 (Federal Law Gazette I page 518) - only available in German.
The need to alter the distribution of constituencies among Länder and redraw the boundaries of individual constituencies results, among others, from the provisions of Section 3 (1), first sentence, nos. 2, 3 and 5 of the Federal Elections Act. It stipulates that the number of constituencies in the individual Länder has to correspond as far as possible to their share of the population. The population of a constituency should not deviate from the average population of all constituencies by more than 15 per cent in either direction; where the deviation is greater than 25 per cent, the boundaries have to be redrawn. The basis of these calculations is the German population. The boundaries of municipalities, districts and towns not attached to a municipal district should be adhered to where possible when constituency boundaries are defined.
Compared with the former structure, the legislator has redrawn the boundaries of 32 constituencies for the 2013 Bundestag Election. The changes are as follows:
Changes due to population development
Changes due to municipal boundary changes
Redescription of constituencies
In addition to that, many constituencies received a new number when constituency boundaries were redrawn between Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Hessen.
Accordingly, the 299 constituencies are distributed among the 16 Länder as follows:
|Land||Constituency number||Number of constituencies|
|Schleswig-Holstein||1 to 11||11|
|Mecklenburg-Vorpommern||12 to 17||6|
|Hamburg||18 to 23||6|
|Niedersachsen||24 to 53||30|
|Bremen||54 and 55||2|
|Brandenburg||56 to 65||10|
|Sachsen-Anhalt||66 to 74||9|
|Berlin||75 to 86||12|
|Nordrhein-Westfalen||87 to 150||64|
|Sachsen||151 to 166||16|
|Hessen||167 to 188||22|
|Thüringen||189 to 197||9|
|Rheinland-Pfalz||198 to 212||15|
|Bayern||213 to 257||45|
|Baden-Württemberg||258 to 295||38|
|Saarland||296 to 299||4|
Map of constituencies for the elections to the 18th German Bundestag
The multi-coloured “Map of constituencies for the elections to the 18th German Bundestag“ presents the delimitation of constituencies which will be valid at the next Bundestag election. It shows the numbers and boundaries of all constituencies and their composition of administrative districts and towns not attached to an administrative district and, separately, the delimitation of constituencies of those large cities which are subdivided into several constituencies.
See also: Downloads